Medical Director at lamelle research laboratories, Dr Bradley Wagemaker, answers a few FAQs around serums.
1. What is the difference between a moisturiser and a serum?
While a moisturiser contains a whole host of ingredients to fulfill various functions in skin, a serum contains only that very specific active ingredient to produce only the particular results effectively. Thus, when it comes to addressing specific conditions, a moisturiser can never give you the dramatic results a serum can.
2. Where do serums fit into my regular skincare regimen?
A serum can be seen as a boosting agent – used for a period of time when your skin needs some extra help, for example, after a holiday in the sun, when you might have some hyperpigmentation and dryness.
3. How do I incorporate serums into my daily skincare programme?
A serum is a high concentration active ingredient that is usually applied before a moisturiser to clean the skin and allow maximum penetration. Serums are usually used for about four to eight weeks in the case of hyperpigmentation, but the time period will differ from one concern (such as sensitivity) to another (such as acne). Basically, you’ll use the serum for as long as your skin problem lasts.
4. What makes one serum better than another?
Of course, the active ingredients in different serums will make them function differently, but it is the base (the compound that carries the active ingredient) that has a dramatic effect on how well the active ingredient is absorbed. If the base is not formulated correctly, the active ingredient will just sit on the surface of the skin, will not penetrate the skin, and will not be effective at all. Highly technologically advanced bases are key when it comes to the effectiveness of serums.
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